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Philosophy

Be sure to cite specific examples, terms, and concepts from the unit folders.

Please post one original 250-300 word post related to the topics addressed in the first three units, specifically as we encounter the problem of relativism/religion. How does our subjectivity interfere with our ability to see ethics as universally applicable? How do our religious beliefs intersect with the problem of relativism? Be sure to cite specific examples, terms, and concepts from the unit folders. Be sure to include proper summaries of the material you address.
Resources:



Categories
Philosophy

Due: after you have completed unit 4 weight: 30% of your final course grade length: 3 essays, 500–700 words each instructions: answer three of the following six questions.

Online Athabasca course on Ethics in Science and Technology! I will give you login info once selected. Assignment 1 is based on reading unit 1-4 which is available online through Athabasca! Answer 3 of the following 6 questions, each one being 500 words (2 pages per question). Citations should ideally be from the readings at the end of each unit, again available through Athabasca! Due: After you have completed Unit 4 Weight: 30% of your final course grade Length: 3 essays, 500–700 words each Instructions: Answer three of the following six questions. These questions are based on the Study Guide questions. 1. Briefly summarize the critiques of science by Feyerebend, Marcuse, and Rifkin that are discussed by Stevenson. Why does Stevenson find these critiques interesting but unsatisfactory? 2. Callahan discusses two kinds of ethical principle: teleological and deontological. Explain these two kinds of ethical principle. Use an example to illustrate the application of these two principles. 3. What role do you think informed consent should play in research ethics involving human subjects? Do you think informed consent is sufficient for covering all cases of research on humans? Why or why not? 4. What is Peter Singer’s “principle of equality”? Why does Singer think the principle applies to members of species other than our own? How would society’s treatment of animals change if we followed his principle of equality? To what extent do you agree or disagree with Singer’s reasoning? 5. Brunk identifies a second moral principle in “Professionalism and Moral Responsibility in the Technological Society,” (p. 151), that he says should be part of the “ethic of Conscientious Professionalism.” Identify the principle, and explain how Brunk argues it should influence the thinking of scientists and technical people. Do you agree with his argument? Why or why not? 6. How does James define “whistle blowing,” and under what conditions does he think it is justified? Do you agree with James? Why or why not?

Categories
Philosophy

Please let me know if you need any guidance on choosing an example or on the example you have chosen.

Here are the specific tasks:
1. Identify some “repeatable” event and describe it first as you would describe it in normal, common sense terms. Bergson uses many examples in the text, such as a shooting star, waving one’s arm with eyes closed, a melody, etc. Don’t simply copy one of his examples or one almost identical to them; try to choose a case with some element of novelty. Choose a repeatable one so that you can examine the corresponding experience repeatably (although, of course, Bergson maintains that the corresponding experiences are not exactly repetitions—don’t worry about this in this assignment!).
2. Next, try to describe the experience of this event using Bergson’s conceptualizations, as appropriate. You will want to make reference at least to space, objective time, and duration, but other distinctions and concepts may be relevant. You should focus only on the content in “The Idea of Duration”, although it is acceptable to make use of the week 2 and 3 reading if you wish.
3. Finally, briefly describe what you find difficult about thinking “with” Bergson through your example.
Please let me know if you need any guidance on choosing an example or on the example you have chosen. I am happy to answer questions!

Categories
Philosophy

You need to explain each trait without reference to socrates.

This is an extent essay with couple of specifications with a thesis, argument and conclusion. Thesis Goal: Produce a short argumentative piece including an expository section. Argument: This should be your introduction (to the question/issue at hand), an explanation of the fundamental traits of a philosopher, and then your argument section for Socrates. Note: Your introduction should include an inclusive thesis for the whole paper. That means, it must lay-out what you are trying to accomplish over the whole of the paper (ie, both section I and II). Part I: You must first explain what it means to be a philosopher. You need to identify and explain three traits that embody what it means to be a philosopher. You can use all and only the class material on canvas or in the textbook. You need to explain each trait without reference to Socrates. You should use examples of the traits as well as explain the traits themselves. Part II: The next section of the first part of your paper should be your argumentative case for Socrates. Remember, you will be using all the applicable material from Unit 1 to make your case for whether Socrates should be considered a paradigmatic philosopher. How does Socrates meet these standards (or criteria)? Make arguments and give evidence/support! Conclusion (500 words so) Goal: Answer these questions: Reflecting on the three traits above (from section I), am I a philosopher? Why or Why not? Give examples/evidence. What do you, or could you, gain from being a philosopher? Open to bids. I’ll send the class materials for unit 1 because no outside source is allowed!!! only class materials. If work is correct +25 tip will be granted.

Categories
Philosophy

I am very strict on this point.

ESSAY TOPIC: Carefully explain the teleological argument for the existence of God. Hume raises a number of interesting objections to this argument. Do you think Hume’s objections undermine the teleological argument? (Your thesis statement should indicate whether you think Hume’s objection undermines Paley’s argument and why you hold this position.) Use this video to help with writing the essay: David Hume and the Argument from Design Instructions: Please compose a 3-5 page essay in response to essay topic. (Essays must be a minimum of three four pages, not including your works cited page. Do not turn in a 2½ page essay. This is automatically a “D”. Do not place blank lines between paragraphs to make your essay appear longer than it actually is. Essays receiving superior grades tend to be closer to five pages than to three pages.) Essays should be composed in MLA format. Note that MLA does not use a title page. Essays should have a general introductory paragraph with a thesis, body paragraphs with exposition drawing from the assigned material, a section with critical analysis in which you defend your thesis statement and a conclusion. Be mindful to include a works cited page. Your works cited page does not count toward the minimum three pages. Note that student essays earning top grades tend to me closer to five pages than to three pages. Essays must be developed within the context of the assigned reading. Do not use outside sources without getting approval from me first. I am not interested in what Wikipedia has to say about this material; I am interested in what you have to say. Note that Wikipedia is not an academic source and should never be referenced in an academic paper. Essays will be graded on clarity of expression, accuracy of exposition and quality of philosophical argumentation—that is, how well you support your thesis statement. The better the reasons you advance in support of your position, the better your grade. Do not use subjective language—e.g., “I feel” or “In my personal opinion”. Philosophy is based on facts and arguments, not feelings or opinions. Your job in the essay is to advance a position (a thesis statement) and then to give reasons in support of your position. I am very strict on this point. Here’s a suggestion for writing an introductory paragraph. Open with a topic sentence that captures the main point of the essay. Next, introduce the philosophers and their positions. Next, state your thesis. Your thesis statement is who you think is right and why. I suggest that you use section headers. For example, if I were writing on the first topic, here’s how I would organize my paper. Introduction with Thesis Statement Exposition of Anselm’s Argument Exposition of Kant’s Objection to the Ontological Argument In Defense of Anselm or In Support of Kant Conclusion You actually want to include the headers in your essay. Headers are usually placed in bold typeface. Suggestion for getting started. Students often have trouble getting started with their essays. If you are more math-science minded, here’s a formula to help you get started. Your intro paragraph consists of three elements: topic sentence, introduce the philosophers and their views, thesis statement. Formula: Topic Sentence + Introduce Philosophers + Thesis. Example: Many philosophers think reason is sufficient to prove the existence and nature of God. One of these philosophers is St. Anselm who supports the ontological argument. This argument holds that the very concept of God entails his existence—because God is the greatest conceivable being, God must have all the greater-making properties, and since existing in reality is a greater making property, God must have this property and hence God exists. Immanual Kant objects to this argument, claiming that existence isn’t a property and so existence can’t be a property that makes a God greater. In what follows I argue that Kant’s objection undermines Anselm’s argument.

Categories
Philosophy

This is automatically a “d”.

Essay topic: Carefully explain the teleological argument for the existence of God. Hume raises a number of interesting objections to this argument. Do you think Hume’s objections undermine the teleological argument? (Your thesis statement should indicate whether you think Hume’s objection undermines Paley’s argument and why you hold this position.) This link will help with writing essay topic: https://youtu.be/UkIGF9Uga0A Instructions: Please compose a 3-5 page essay in response to this essay topic. (Essay must be a minimum of three four pages, not including your works cited page. Do not turn in a 2½ page essay. This is automatically a “D”. Do not place blank lines between paragraphs to make your essay appear longer than it actually is. Essays receiving superior grades tend to be closer to five pages than to three pages.) Essays should be composed in MLA format. Note that MLA does not use a title page. Essays should have a general introductory paragraph with a thesis, body paragraphs with exposition drawing from the assigned material, a section with critical analysis in which you defend your thesis statement and a conclusion. Be mindful to include a works cited page. Your works cited page does not count toward the minimum three pages. Note that student essays earning top grades tend to me closer to five pages than to three pages. Essays must be developed within the context of the assigned reading. Do not use outside sources without getting approval from me first. I am not interested in what Wikipedia has to say about this material; I am interested in what you have to say. Note that Wikipedia is not an academic source and should never be referenced in an academic paper. Essays will be graded on clarity of expression, accuracy of exposition and quality of philosophical argumentation—that is, how well you support your thesis statement. The better the reasons you advance in support of your position, the better your grade. Do not use subjective language—e.g., “I feel” or “In my personal opinion”. Philosophy is based on facts and arguments, not feelings or opinions. Your job in the essay is to advance a position (a thesis statement) and then to give reasons in support of your position. I am very strict on this point. Open with a topic sentence that captures the main point of the essay. Next, introduce the philosophers and their positions. Next, state your thesis. Your thesis statement is who you think is right and why. I suggest that you use section headers. For example, if I were writing on the first topic, here’s how I would organize my paper. Introduction with Thesis Statement Exposition of Anselm’s Argument Exposition of Kant’s Objection to the Ontological Argument In Defense of Anselm or In Support of Kant Conclusion You actually want to include the headers in your essay. Headers are usually placed in bold typeface. Suggestion for getting started. Students often have trouble getting started with their essays. If you are more math-science minded, here’s a formula to help you get started. Your intro paragraph consists of three elements: topic sentence, introduce the philosophers and their views, thesis statement. Formula: Topic Sentence + Introduce Philosophers + Thesis. Example: Many philosophers think reason is sufficient to prove the existence and nature of God. One of these philosophers is St. Anselm who supports the ontological argument. This argument holds that the very concept of God entails his existence—because God is the greatest conceivable being, God must have all the greater-making properties, and since existing in reality is a greater making property, God must have this property and hence God exists. Immanual Kant objects to this argument, claiming that existence isn’t a property and so existence can’t be a property that makes a God greater. In what follows I argue that Kant’s objection undermines Anselm’s argument.

Categories
Philosophy

Quality makes a difference.

Rubric: The Evaluation of Discussion Posts
(Please do not forget to scroll all the way to the bottom of these instructions)
Here are important things to keep in mind when you are posting to the Discussion Forums:
First of all, as the syllabus clearly indicates, forum participation comprises 10% of your course grade. If you do not participate in the forums, the highest grade you can get in the course is 90/100.
I cannot tell you how many posts are needed per week to get a full grade. One excellent post might be enough, 10 cursory posts might not even get close. Quality makes a difference. However; there is also a length criterion: you receive credit only if you post a minimum of 500 words each week (the 500 words can be the sum of more than one post).
What makes quality? Here are the main determinants of quality:
Responding to what is asked (as opposed to drifting off the subject),
Going into detail (the complexity of the problems we discuss necessitates detailed treatment; sweeping generalizations fail to capture this complexity),
Getting engaged with the topic under discussion (one can just feel that some posts are written merely to discharge a duty), and last but not least,
Good argumentation in support of the position you hold (ultimately, I am not interested if you agree or disagree with me on any of these points. I am only interested in how well you support the position you hold).
Now for some examples:
First, “I agree with everything you say” (as a response to somebody else’s post) is not going to get anyone anything :
Here are more examples of posts that do not contribute to one’s grade
(I am not implying that the posters thought they would–some people get into the forum discussions and enjoy them):
“Good points. I especially like the part about living my example. Actions speak louder than words.”
“Interesting. Thanks for sharing the article. These behaviors are not something children are born with. They are created. ”
Next, some posts that are worth something (assuming the poster meets the 500-word minimum requirement by having other posts):
(These posts are in response to the question: “Do you think that we have here a case of leaders in one religion professing

Categories
Philosophy

Aim for a complete paragraph for each question.

Instructions
Assignment
Identify and think about stories of injustice from the recent news cycle, from past history, or from your own personal experience. Focus on a story that is important to you and that raises interesting questions about the basic structure of society and how people should live.
Write about the story. Your writing should answer the following three questions. Aim for a complete paragraph for each question.
What is your source for this story and how do you know the source is reliable? (Why do you trust the source?)
What makes this a story of injustice and what does the story tell us about the nature of justice? (What does justice mean in the context of this story?)
What lessons do you draw from the story and how do you think we as a society should respond?
Format
Include the citation (or bibliographical information) for any sources that you cite.
I sort of like George FLoyd as the topic
Your writing should be about 1 page in length, double-spaced in a standard (e.g. Arial) 12-point font.

Categories
Philosophy

First, “i agree with everything you say” (as a response to somebody else’s post) is not going to get anyone anything :

Rubric: The Evaluation of Discussion Posts
(Please do not forget to scroll all the way to the bottom of these instructions)
Here are important things to keep in mind when you are posting to the Discussion Forums:
First of all, as the syllabus clearly indicates, forum participation comprises 10% of your course grade. If you do not participate in the forums, the highest grade you can get in the course is 90/100.
I cannot tell you how many posts are needed per week to get a full grade. One excellent post might be enough, 10 cursory posts might not even get close. Quality makes a difference. However; there is also a length criterion: you receive credit only if you post a minimum of 500 words each week (the 500 words can be the sum of more than one post).
What makes quality? Here are the main determinants of quality:
Responding to what is asked (as opposed to drifting off the subject),
Going into detail (the complexity of the problems we discuss necessitates detailed treatment; sweeping generalizations fail to capture this complexity),
Getting engaged with the topic under discussion (one can just feel that some posts are written merely to discharge a duty), and last but not least,
Good argumentation in support of the position you hold (ultimately, I am not interested if you agree or disagree with me on any of these points. I am only interested in how well you support the position you hold).
Now for some examples:
First, “I agree with everything you say” (as a response to somebody else’s post) is not going to get anyone anything :
Here are more examples of posts that do not contribute to one’s grade
(I am not implying that the posters thought they would–some people get into the forum discussions and enjoy them):
“Good points. I especially like the part about living my example. Actions speak louder than words.”
“Interesting. Thanks for sharing the article. These behaviors are not something children are born with. They are created. ”
Next, some posts that are worth something (assuming the poster meets the 500-word minimum requirement by having other posts):
(These posts are in response to the question: “Do you think that we have here a case of leaders in one religion professing

Categories
Philosophy

The main objective is to produce your own argument in response to the one that has been presented.

It is an essay that centers on one of the arguments I have given below. The main objective is to produce your own argument in response to the one that has been presented.